Caravans of Justice

Project Overview

General Information

The Caravans of Justice (Roadshow) project presents citizens who typically have limited access to justice with the opportunity to obtain free legal advice. The Caravans operate as mobile pro bono legal clinics, wherein our team of volunteer lawyers visit rural areas of Morocco to advise community members on their legal questions and issues. The project aims to aid the most disadvantaged social classes in Morocco, including those who struggle with poverty and illiteracy, in becoming more aware of their rights and obligations under Moroccan law.

Activities

The Caravans are held in tents, located in public venues, typically a Souk (marketplace). Volunteer lawyers from Droit et Justice offerpro bono advice in all fields of law, based on community members’ needs.

Results

To date, Droit et Justice has collaborated with approximately 20 volunteer lawyers on the Caravans of Justice project. We have visited 14 regions (29 communities) of Morocco, and provided nearly 1500 people with much-needed legal advice!

Court Observation and Publication of Judgments Project

Project Overview

Project Duration: 2014-2015

The Moroccan judicial system has been subject to recent reforms, including the 2013 National Charter for Reform of the Judicial System. These reforms reflect desires of legislators, legal institutions, and private citizens to profoundly modify the structure and operation ofMoroccan courts. Despite these reforms, certain gaps and weaknesses persist.

Droit et Justice’s Court Observation and Publication ofJudgements Project targets these gaps, aiming to contribute to the development of an independent, transparent, efficient and impartial judicial system. This project identifies gaps and weaknesses in the current judicial system through a two-phase process beginning with court observations followed by the publication of judgements.

Court Observation

This component consists of observing Moroccan court proceedings to determine the quality of their services. These observations are completed for Droit et Justice by a team of highly-accomplished volunteer lawyers, who document their findings in standardized surveys that are based on multiple indicators. These lawyers evaluate whether the services provided by the courts are in accordance with the National Charter for Reform of the Judicial System. This work enables Droit et Justice to formulate new proposals and recommendations for improvement of the judicial system in order to prevent future corruption and discrimination.

Publication of Judgments

In addition to revealing problems with the Moroccan judicial system, the publication of judgements encourages judges to produce high quality decisions. This phase of the project does not focus solely on suspicious judgements, but also publishes good decisions that provide examples so that these might be emulated by other judges. To implement this phase, Droit et Justice has established a Scientific Committee, which meets regularly and uses their collective knowledge and expertise to determine which judgements should be published.

  • Objective of the Project:

This project intends to contribute to ensuring that Morocco enjoys an independent judiciary that issues high quality, effective, and equitable decisions in accordance with the new Constitution of 2011 and the National Charter on the Reform of the Judicial System of 2013. In order to do so, the project will consider claims of and against plaintiffs, judges, attorneys and professionals to ensure that judicial independence and ethics are being upheld in the Kingdom of Morocco.

Droit et Justice believes that judges can make mistakes in their interpretations of the law and their decisions. They are fallible, just like all other citizens. Unlike many other citizens, however, judges hold truly influential positions in Moroccan society, and as such their decisions greatly impact social progress in Morocco. As such, Droit et Justice believes that judges should be held accountable for decisions that do not comply with the new Constitution and social reforms in Morocco. Judges have the responsibility to uphold the aspirational qualities in the new Moroccan Constitution.

This project intends to encourage judges to make good judgements, through the publication of some controversial judgements accompanied by commentaries from legal scholars, and the publication of good judgements that show respect for the laws and rights of Moroccans.
 

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Court of Cassation

Foder number
Case type
Judgement type
Dowload the judgement
Dowload the comment
001 | 002
a holding by the phrase “in the name of His Majesty the King” without the words “and in accordance with the law,”
Suspiscious judgement

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Court of Appeal

Foder number
Case type
Judgement type
Dowload the judgement
Dowload the comment
008
Tortured
Exemplary judgement

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Administrative Court

Foder number
Case type
Judgement type
Dowload the judgement
Dowload the comment
015
Case of Jaafar Hassoun versus the Ministry of Justice
Suspiscious judgement

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029
Case of Alaoui Moulay Ali
Suspiscious judgement

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014
determination of a penalty against the president of the university as an individual
Exemplary judgement

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Courts of First Instance

Foder number
Case type
Judgement type
Dowload the judgement
Dowload the comment
012
A judgment delivered by the district court of El Jadida sentencing a legal entity (a bank)
Suspiscious judgement

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